Chinampa (Nahuatlchināmitl [tʃiˈnaːmitɬ]) is a method of ancient Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangular areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of Mexico.

Sometimes referred to as “floating gardens,” chinampas were artificial islands that usually measured roughly 98 ft × 8.2 ft (30 m × 2.5 m).[1] Chinampas were used by the ancient Aztec [Aboriginal Peoples].[2] In Tenochtitlan, the chinampas ranged from 300 ft × 15 ft (91 m × 4.6 m)[1] to 300 ft × 30 ft (91 m × 9.1 m)[1][3] They were created by staking out the shallow lake bed and then fencing in the rectangle with wattle. The fenced-off area was then layered with mud, lake sediment, and decaying vegetation, eventually bringing it above the level of the lake. Often trees such as āhuexōtl [aːˈweːʃoːt͡ɬ] (Salix bonplandiana)[2] (a willow) and āhuēhuētl [aːˈweːweːt͡ɬ] (Taxodium mucronatum)[4] (a cypress) were planted at the corners to secure the chinampa. Chinampas were separated by channels wide enough for a canoe to pass. These “islands” had very high crop yields with up to 7 crops a year.[5]

photo:  Iraun permakultura (1), Aztec Chinampas model by Te Mahi, Photographer: Te Papa, © Te Papa (2)


Indigenous technology










Better You

(Source: opulentes)

Making a (face swapped) gif


Okay, this is actually a very easy thing to do. I’m using cs5, personally. I dont know how different things might be in an earlier version, sorry! If you’re wanting to edit a pre-existing gif:

You should probably note that opening gifs to edit in photoshop doesn’t work in photoshop CS4 (at least I don’t think so. I’ve looked and looked but I can’t find any way that works). Looking forward to your gif-making post :D

looks like you’re out of luck if you’re cs4 or earlier. That sucks, and I have no idea how to get around it! If you’re making your own though, I believe everything I’ve done here can at least be done in cs4. (though it might be under import… hm. I’m not sure!)


You can definitely edit gifs in CS4. Go to file, import, video frames to layers, and then type in your gif filename, it’ll pop up, and then you’re golden.

Awesome, Thanks for letting me know!


Alright, let’s get down to business! (how many of you are singing a song now?)

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